Residential Services to Children in Need of Protection
Case Data and Trends
Greater emphasis on safely preserving families has started to reduce the number of children and youth being admitted into Care (CYIC). A key strategic goal of the Ministry of Children and Family Development (MCFD) is to safely lower this number still further, particularly for Indigenous children and youth.
The following tables provide the number of fatalities of Children and Youth in Care, as well as those that have received other ministry services within a year of their death. As of October, 2007, the B.C. Coroner's Service is responsible for the investigation of all child deaths. The Ministry of Children and Family Development verifies child fatality categories of death with the Office of the Chief Coroner of British Columbia. The categorization of a fatality may change as a death is investigated or new information becomes available.
Because many children and youth served by the ministry are medically fragile, almost half of these fatalities are through natural causes.
Classification of Death
NATURAL: Death primarily resulting from a disease of the body and not resulting secondarily from injuries or abnormal environmental factors.
ACCIDENT: Death due to unintentional or unexpected injury. It includes death resulting from complications reasonably attributed to the injury.
HOMICIDE: Death due to injury intentionally inflicted by the action of another person. Homicide is a neutral term that does not imply fault or blame.
UNDETERMINED: Death which, because of insufficient evidence or inability to otherwise determine, cannot be classified as natural, accidental, suicide or homicide.